Asked whether they participated in the wars in the former Yugoslavia, 15.9% of men from the sample answered affirmatively. However, if we disregard those under 40, who make up over half of the entire sample, it means that nearly one-third of men over 40 participated in the war.

With the exception of NATO air strikes experienced by the vast majority of all respondents, other negative consequences of wars and warfare suffered by men range from 1.1% (serious wounding) to 6.4% (death of a family member as a consequence of the war). However, if we look at the consequences from the aspect of gender roles, then it is clear that men were more often exposed to the negative consequences of warfare. Four times more men than women witnessed torture and beating up; four times more men were tortured and beaten up; and five times more men were seriously wounded in the war.