GEM SCALE AND ATTITUDES TOWARDS GENDER EQUALITY

The examination of attitudes by using the GEM scale shows that women have less conservative attitudes towards gender equality than men. However, both men and women have the most conservative attitudes about the man needing to be strong and (stable) support. This can be interpreted as a need to rely on the traditional male role in terms of the need for support in the extremely insecure social environment. Retraditionalisation can be understood also as “withdrawal” into privacy, as a sort of survival strategy, which then implies certain nostalgia for “male support”, with the most frequent blaming of “women’s emancipation” for the problems in relations between genders.

GEM scale is calculated using the formula: Agree (refusal of gender equality) X 1 + Disagree X 2 + Strongly disagree (full acceptance of gender equality) X 3 / Number of respondents who gave these answers to the question. For statements 9 and 11, the GEM scale is reverse scored.

 

Observed by education, the less educated men have lower values ​​on the scale, i.e. they show a higher degree of conservatism, unlike the more educated ones. However, when it comes to age, the youngest men are not also the most progressive ones, but are more conservative than the preceding generation (25-30), which is also the most egalitarian age group.

Some interesting findings from this measurement of attitudes show the following: about 70% of men disagree with the statement that “more rights for women means fewer rights for men”; 46.5% of men disagree with the statement that “the equality of women and men has been reached in our society”; 53.1% of men disagree with the statement that the most important role of a woman is to “take care of her home and cook for her family”; nearly half of men disagree with the statement that men need sex more than women do; 18.8% of them agree with the statement that “there are situations in which a woman deserves to be beaten”; about two-thirds of men disagree with the statement that “a woman should be the one who takes care not to get pregnant”. 11.9% of respondents agree that a woman “should tolerate violence to keep her family together”, while 68.5% of respondents agree that a man and a woman should decide together about contraception.